We all talk about the internet and its websites, but not many of us know the person who was behind the invention of this WWW. Well, the mind behind this great creation is Sir Tim Berners Lee who is a British computer scientist and presently a Professorial Fellow of Computer Science at the University of Oxford and Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Timothy John Berners Lee was born on 8 June 1955 (now 64) in London, England, United Kingdom.
He made an offer for a data managing system on 12 March 1989 while working at CERN, and he executed the first effective communiqué between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) client and server through the internet in November 1989. By October of 1990, Tim had scripted the three deep-seated technologies that remain the basis of today’s web – HTML, URI, and HTTP.
Tim Berners Lee never wanted to make money on his invention and instead refused CERN’s call to patent his Web technology. On 30 April 1993, CERN put the World Wide Web software in the public domain. Later, CERN made an issue accessible with an unrestricted license, a surer way to maximize its distribution. These achievements made the web great success. Berners Lee always wanted the web to be open so it could spread out and advance as fast as thinkable.
The first website at CERN and all around the world was earmarked to the World Wide Web project itself and was hosted on Berners-Lee’s NeXT workstation (designed by Steve Jobs). In 2013, CERN initiated a project to reestablish this first-ever website: info.cern.ch. In 1994, Tim Berners Lee left CERN for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he created the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), an association that sustains canons for the Web.
The humble attitude made Berners Lee’s name go in Time Magazine’s 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century, and in 2004 was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II. His WWW Foundation focused on confirming web advantages to the human race, and indeed it has given us a much easier life than ever imagined. In the year 2012, Tim Berners Lee was honored for inventing the web during the opening ceremony of the Summer Olympics.
As per the statistics of 2019, there are around 1.94 billion websites on the Internet. If we look at the approx. number, then there are around 380 websites created every minute. In 2016, the number crossed one billion for the first time. The above data is confirmed by NetCraft in their report. On average, there are only 10-15% active websites in the world. Approx. 85% of all the websites are inactive and most of them have parked domains.
One more thing to be considered is that not all websites are updated regularly except for fashion or e-commerce websites. These websites have new stock coming in now and then and thus keep on updating the data every time. Other regular stuff can be seen in niche blogs related to software, reviews, food and nutrition, vogue, etc. So, in all, there are several inactive websites as compared to active and updated ones.
WWW. was invented by Tim Berners Lee in 1989 @ CERN. Now, Apache collectively with Nginx presently hosts just about half the websites that survive. Though Microsoft is shutting down quickly, others are likely to get a larger market share shortly. The first website that went live was on August 6, 1991. It contained the info about the World Wide Web project itself. The first website of the internet is still accessible today at the following URL: http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html. Overall, if we look at the future of digitization, the size and extent of the website will grow immensely day by day.
Looking at the current statistics, the substantial amount of information on the internet today will expire tomorrow. There is a big amount of contribution from everyone’s side in making the internet an enormous thing. The volume, extent and the level of information supplied via images, videos, content, user interaction is adding up to make the internet grow immeasurably. The latest data available shows that around 4 billion people use the internet daily, which is almost 51% of the total population.
Therefore, now you have the exact or roundabout statistics on the number of websites available on the internet. The number might change tomorrow but the data will help you to track the volume.
Can you imagine a single day without the internet? Guess not! Internet connectivity has taken over the population completely in the past few years. Today, even people from a remote area can afford internet packages as per their convenience. Though few countries have like the USA, Portugal, Canada, Sweden, Latvia, Singapore, and many more have free Wi-Fi facility, there are some like Paraguay, Venezuela, Yemen, Gabon, Egypt who are still struggling to get proper internet connectivity. But a country like Iceland is found to have the highest penetration fo the internet in the world.
In the recent survey, it has been found that Iceland has the highest record of 98.2% (now nearing 100%) internet penetration in the world trailed closely by several northern European countries such as Norway (96.8 percent), Luxembourg (97.3 percent), and Denmark (96.3 percent). There has been a big spike in the number of internet users in the Middle-East from 2009 to 2019 with the reported internet penetration rate of 20% to 70%. The United States has the highest percentage of internet users with a record of approximately 75% of the public using the internet.
The use of the internet in Iceland is extensive. Iceland has been at the vanguard of accepting new internet access technologies initiating in the early 1990s with dial-up networks. Currently, 1Gbit/s speeds are accessible to almost 80% of republics via full-fiber systems. Nova is Iceland’s Speed test Awards Winner for fixed network speed during Q1-Q2 2018. To win this award, Nova attained a Speed Score of 259.45, with top download speeds of 895.38 Mbps and top upload speeds of 919.41 Mbps.
So, whoever is thinking to avoid visiting Iceland because of its remote location, don’t forget that the tech-savvy people of Iceland rank among the top internet users in the world. Being in Iceland, you will never come across any internet-related issue for your web-enabled devices. Siminn, Fjarskipti Ehf, Hringidan EHF / Vortex Inc, and Vodafone Iceland, Hringdu, Hringiðan, Nova are amongst the numerous Internet Service Providers (ISPs) distributing broadband to Iceland.
The Government of Iceland’s target is for 99% of homes and trades to have access to at smallest 100Mbit/s speeds by the year 2022. The government has promised in a program called Island Ljóstengt streaming from 2016 to 2020. It supplies FTTH(GPON) distribution to 5,500 countryside locations allowing this target to be accomplished. Iceland’s first undersea cable offering packet substituting, CANTAT-3 had a primary power of 2 x 2.5 Gbit/s to Denmark, Germany, and the Faroe Islands.
CANTAT-3 is now out of usual use for internet traffic in Iceland and is run by Teleglobe for oil platforms. Censorship is forbidden by the Icelandic Constitution and there is a strong custom of safeguarding freedom of expression that ranges to the usage of the Internet. Thus, the apt management and the use of the right technology at the right time plays a very important role in making even the country technically strong.
The Internet has become an essential part of our lifestyle. From shopping to managing projects, from finding information to connecting with people via social media, we are dependent on the internet in one or the other way. Around 4 billion people use the internet either for their personal use or business work. Emails are an important part of any business. People use the internet to send about 204 million emails every minute and out of which 70% are spams. If we look at the science behind this, then to produce a single email one requires 2 billion electrons.
The scientific fact stating the number of electrons used per email specifies the amount of power required to just create a single email. And if someday the internet goes down, approximately 200 billion emails and 3 billion Google searches have to wait. If we look at the number of emails sent per day, the number is now nearing to 300 billion. So, one can imagine that around 600 billion electrons are required daily to produce a big amount of emails.
The tremendous growth in email marketing has resulted in producing such a huge amount of emails daily. Every business concern markets its product via email. The energy drawn by the internet to keep it running is of 50 million horsepower. This vast dovetailing web of content is pulsating via 75 to 100 million servers astounded all over the world. Yet the total weight is still debatable by many, the internet is the main source of connecting the world.
Thought emails are the cheapest, fastest and long-established way of communication today, there has been a huge transformation from the olden times. The email spam rate has also increased as this method is also used by fraudulent parties to trap the users. Keeping other things aside, emails are indeed the best way of personally communicating your ideas to the interested parties and thus you have to play around with the millions of electrons.
These emails contribute to a large amount of data available on the internet. As per the google, there are 1.2 million terabytes of data available on data. The Indexed Web contains at least 6.08 billion pages (as per Tuesday, 24 September 2019). The Dutch Indexed Web contains at least 3054.02 million pages (as per Tuesday, 24 September 2019).
You might not know that the information that we see on the Google or Firefox browsers is just the tiny portion of the web. One would take an entire life’s time to have some of the knowledge about the worldwide web, and till you reach the half of the elements, new content would have been uploaded for you to start over again. The World Wide Web is such a huge turf that it will take ages to just look at the tip of the gigantic iceberg. Deep Web and Dark Web are the hidden elements of this iceberg.
Now let’s see how this world wide web is divided and what is this fuss about the “Deep and Dark Web.” First comes the surface web world whose data is visible to our naked eyes via regular search engines like Google, Firefox, IE, Bing, etc. Next comes the deep web that has 90% of that information that is not seen by the surface web crawlers. This information is related to social media accounts, medical records, financial info, scientific and legal reports, academic data, multilingual databases, etc. which is not readily available till browsed.
Now the last but the most hidden layer is of the dark web where even the deep web technologies cannot intervene. A smaller amount of wicked info that scans the surface of the Dark Web, in a zone called the Deep Web. This info belongs to big corporates or governments and are not ever shared to the public, such as remedial records, government tittle-tattles, monetary accounts and such. These are kept away from search engines and behind robust firewalls to defend them.
Though there are many bizarre and perilous things hanging around in there, one can still access the Deep Web via Tor. This is an un-indexed portion of the web for which you need to install and configure the Tor browser. Tor browser will establish a secure connection, and then you need to find the URL of a deep website. There are few directories like .onion and hiddenwiki for the beginners to browse the deep web hosted sites.
The use of mobile phones has increased acutely in the past few years. Due to the biggest advantage of being handy and advanced, the smartphone has become everyone’s first choice. If we look at the actual statistics, almost 65% of mobile users will access the internet and other data from their mobile phone only. This mobile phone penetration can be observed worldwide and the data shows that from 2014 the more technical advancements have given everyone easy access to the internet.
In 2015, 52.7 percent of the worldwide mobile phone populace accessed the internet from their smartphone. This figure grew to 61.2 percent in 2018. In February 2017, mobile devices not including tablets accounted for 49.73 percent of web page views globally. Asia and Africa had an elevated mobile traffic segment with 65.1 percent and 59.49 percent of mobile traffic correspondingly. In 2020, the number of smartphone users universally is anticipated to reach 4 billion, up from 2.1 billion in 2016.
With the use of more internet on a smartphone every day, mobile e-commerce will be accountable for $2.32 trillion or about 67.2% of e-commerce sales by 2021. Mobile e-commerce is up and poised for bigger and better future developments. In the US itself, mobile e-commerce profit is projected at 700 billion in 2019. Even in China, about 75% of shopping is done thru mobile only. The engagement rate is four times higher in mobile apps than on the mobile website. The app users have special offers and discounts as compared to desktop webpage users.
Now let’s have look at the overall boost in mobile usage by the present generation. The world is always in need of more every single day, and that’s the reason of huge spike in constantly growing rates of mobile web traffic. Leaving 3G and 4G behind, now it’s time for 5G network which will change the whole world around us. A more powerful network will develop that will eventually facilitate new experiences that will revolutionize the way we live, work, and play.
Therefore, the mobile phone has given an edge to the e-commerce industry, and people are also using this device to make their life effortless and more accessible. Many people are so obsessed with their mobile phones that they spend any amount to have the smart and latest technology in their hand. iPhone is the best example in the market for expensive and classy smartphones.